Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya at Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad

Sabarmati Ashram Museum technical information

Architects: Charles Correa

Typology: Cultural Architecture / Museum, Residence

Location: Sabarmati Ashram, suburb of Ahmedabad, India

Project year: 1963

Materials: Wooden doors, stone floors, ceramic tile roofs, and brick columns

 

Background

Gandhi resided at the Sabarmati Ashram from 1917 to 1930. He began, as a protest on British salt tax, the Salt March to Dandi in March of 1930 from there. The community is created up of the main ashram pavilion, 2 guest houses, AN open prayer ground, and a museum.

Handcrafted paper and fabric are made here and are the main attraction for tourists. Charles Correa’s design for this “memorial institution” of Mahatma Gandhi was designed and built there from 1958 to 1963.

Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s 1st prime minister inaugurated the building. It preserves and makes available tens of thousands of books and documents concerning Gandhi, his philosophies, and India’s independence.

Location

The Sabarmati Ashram is found along the west bank of the Sabarmati River on Ashram Road, within the north of the town.

It can be reached by buses heading north from the centre on R C Road (Wadaj bus stop is appx. 1.5 kilometres from the Ashram). Open every day from 8:30 to 12:00 and 14:00 to 19:00

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Context

Charles Correa, born in India’s Goan the region, attended the University of Michigan and MIT from 1949 to 1955. His work is also understood like that of Oscar Niemeyer. They were both sympathetic to European modernism, and after they came back to their native countries, were interested in adapting the movement to local situations.

Correa’s work is recognized both locally and worldwide as an innovative and refreshing synthesis of this combination. Correa’s office’s 1st project was the Handloom pavilion, designed and inbuilt six months in 1958. Made of brick, mud, wood, and handloom fabric, the project showed

The Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya and Correa’s later projects provide an example of combining the Hindu architectural/ cosmological idea of symmetry and Modernist functional planning.

The concept of isotropy (similar to fractals) refers to AN infinitely scaleable structure and might be seen within the repetition and manipulation of the decorative elements in Hindu temples. Within the Smarak Sangrahalaya, the modular pavilion unit is designed for simple extension and emphasizes the accumulation of a single element to make a whole.

Correa placed 5 distinctly programmed interior areas within the asymmetrical grid plan. The plan of the museum has also been compared to village houses in India’s Banni region.

Rather than a single volume, the houses consist of 5 huts each with a unique function that surrounds to make a courtyard. The inhabitants walk back and forth across the outside area to use the different rooms.

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DESIGN CONCEPT

The main conception is that each building group in a casual meandering pattern, making a pathway along which the guests progresses towards the centrality of the water court.

:-The site on the Sabarmati river bank. It is the part of the larger ashram complex and is integrated into its garden.

:-Correa took the words of Mahatma Gandhi, “I don’t want my house to be walled on all sides and my windows to be stuffed. I want the cultures of all the lands to be blown about my houses as freely as possible but I refused to be blown off my feet by any of them.”

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ARRANGEMENT

:-Five Interior Rooms contain the collection of the museum.

:-The Rooms area unit enclosed By Brick Walls And wooden louvred Screens

:-All 5 Rooms area unit a part of 6mt sq. Module. Correa’s Subtle Changes of the Enclosure allow for variety within the Module’s Lighting, Temperature’ And Visual permeability.

: -A Square, Uncovered Shallow Pools placed Between the 5 Rooms.

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CONSTRUCTION

:-The materials used in the construction area unit like the other buildings within the ashram: tiled roof, brick walls, stone floors and wooden doors.

:-The only additions are the RCC channels that act as beams and As rainfall conduits and which allow additional construction to be added in future.

:-No glass windows are used anyplace within the building; light and Ventilation is provided by operable wooden louvres.

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: – The museum uses a simple but delicately detailed post and beam structure.

: – Load bearing brick columns support concrete channels, which Are both support the wooden roof and direct rainwater.

: – Boards are nailed underneath the joist and tiles are placed atop the joints.

: – the foundation is concrete and is raised about a foot from the ground. wooden doors, stone floors, brick columns and ceramic tile roofs are the pale tie of the building.

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Vaastu in Sabarmati Ashram

  1. Square grid- sq. is that the sacred shape and is used Wherever Vaastu is applied.  Numerous different shapes can be derived from sq. like a rectangle (from 2 squares), circle (by rotating sq. towards infinity). Distorted llxll grid is used and each sq. measures 6×6 m.
  1. Courtyard- As in Vaastu Purusha Mandela, Lord Brahma resides which is why courtyard or water body is provided in the centre of the building.

 

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Directions according to Vaastu

  1. North East-Books as a symbol of positive energy is placed in the northeast direction. Light reaches around 3am-6am. This time is well suited for jobs like meditation and concentration. Best suited for pooja, yoga, study room. This part is under the reign of Ishana.
  2. North West and West-This is the house of wind and water god that’s why the toilet is provided in this region and open gallery and louvred windows are provided in this direction.
  3. East – This direction is ruled by Sun god and as Sabarmati river flows in east and south-east and is believed the morning sun purifies water and water is germ-free that is why building placement Is accordingly.
  4. South East-Dedicated to the god of fire and snack shop is proposed during this portion.
  5. South-Office portion is during this portion south monsoon provides excellent ventilation.
  6. South West-Dedicated to ancestors or Pitru. This part of the building is for store or living space and hence building entry and open gallery starts from this direction.
  7. SITE ENTRY IS FROM WEST ALONG WITH FAMOUS ASHRAM ROAD NORTH TO WEST

Purpose of Gandhi’s ashram

It was from his base here that Gandhi led the Dandi march also known as the Salt Satyagraha on twelve March 1930. In recognition of the numerous influences that this march had on the Indian independence movement, the Indian government has established the ashram as a national monument.

 

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